Most often this term is applied to comedones and pimples. Acne is the result of a violation of the sebaceous glands, which has an inflammatory nature. Due to the clogging of the follicles of the sebaceous-ductal ducts with a "stopper" consisting of dead skin scales and sebum, the skin becomes an ideal medium for the development of bacteria that cause inflammation and the appearance of acne.
It is accepted to distinguish several clinical varieties of this disease. The lighter and relatively favorably leaking forms include vulgar or juvenile, papular and pustular acne. They are easier to treat and usually do not leave behind a rough cicatricial change on the skin. In contrast, inducing, draining, phlegmonous and conglobata acne due to resistance to therapy, frequent relapses and the appearance of gross cosmetic defects in these forms represent a complex medical and socio-psychological problem for the doctor and patient.
Is There a Cure for Acne?
A professional dermatologist, examining the face and other affected areas of the body, is able to correctly establish the appearance of acne. A comprehensive examination and the appointment of competent treatment (for example, laser procedures) will help get rid of troubling symptoms.
Most often, acne appears on the face, chest and back - where there are many sebaceous glands and pores most wide. Acne is a disease, and a specialist must treat it. The treatment of acne depends on the severity of the disease.
So, cosmetologists distinguish three forms of acne:
• Light: no more than 10 closed or open acne without signs of inflammation;
• Average: 10 to 40 acne with minor signs of inflammation;
• Heavy: more than 40 inflamed acne. The mild form of acne is well curable by external means - gels and ointments. With medium and heavy form, preparations for local therapy are combined with medications that need to be taken orally.
What Does It Mean to Have Acne Prone Skin?
Many people are concerned about acne-prone skin. What can be done in this case? Such deficiencies are skin diseases, and most often they suffer during adolescence. Sometimes, it happens that acne continues to torture a person and after this period. Treatment of pimples and acne is better to start at the stage of their appearance, otherwise you risk remaining with scars or pigment spots from the disease.
It is safer not to do home self-medication, but go straight to the beautician. The specialist will tell you about the possible causes of acne, will make a program for treating this "misfortune". With the right professional approach, the skin can usually be treated. But self-appointed "cream" and masks can harm your face. Do not be frivolous about treating acne prone to inflammation, and expect that they will pass by themselves. Doctors in this matter adhere to the opinion that the best treatment for acne is timely prevention.
What is the Reason for Acne?
Acne belongs to the category of dermatological diseases. Despite the fact that medicine is familiar with this concept for more than one thousand years (references to it are found in ancient medical treatises), the mechanism of the development of acne disease has not been fully understood until the end. Consider the causes of acne:
• Changing the hormonal balance. This is the most common cause of acne in teenagers during puberty. The main provoking factor in adolescence is an increase in the blood of male sex hormones, androgens, under the influence of which the sebaceous glands increase in size and begin to secrete more sebum. In girls and women, a change in the hormonal balance can cause acne during menstrual cycles, and can also be associated with the use of contraceptives.
• Decreased immunity and dysfunction of the gastrointestinal tract. The ability to parasitize and actively multiply bacteria on the skin provides, among other things, reduced immunity. Healthy intestinal microflora is 70% of the immune system, which is an obstacle to infection, which causes the formation of new acne. In addition, healthy immunity provides effective healing of already existing acne.
• Stress. Acne can appear in those people who are constantly experiencing severe stressful situations, and can also be a consequence of chronic overwork. Stresses in examinations, experiences due to relationships with friends and parents can really greatly affect the health of young skin.
• Application of comedogenic cosmetics. Some cosmetics - creams, lotions and blush - contain in their composition lanolin, sulfur, petrolatum, paraffin, mineral and vegetable oils, as well as red pigments. These ingredients can provoke the appearance of acne. As a rule, many use special cosmetics to mask their inflammatory elements (powders, tonal creams), which burdens the course of the disease. There is a so-called vicious circle that complicates the treatment of acne.
• Improper skin care. In many cases, the cause of the spread of acne is improper skin care. As a result of independent removal of dying skin cells and self-treatment, for example, widespread extrusion of black dots and pustules, the epidermis is damaged, and the infection gets ways of further spread.
What is the difference between a Pimple and Acne?
Millions of people suffer from acne. Acne complicates the life of both girls and boys, makes the face unattractive, creates a bad impression, practically turns into torture the life of people especially sensitive to their appearance.
Pimple and acne in most people appear, starting with adolescence. Often, severe acne begins at the age of 13-14 years and goes to 20-25 years, the more pronounced, usually disappears by 30-35 years, but acne can occur in some people and in middle age and in the elder. For women, outbreaks of acne are typical in 25 or 35 and although they may have acne and in adulthood.
Acne visually is somewhat reminiscent of pimples but it has some differences. With acne on the body and face, whole islands are poured out of acne, and in place of the descending inflammation a cicatrix is formed postakne (failure in the relief of the skin). Some specialists think that the appearance of acne is the reason of the unstable hormonal background and problems with the digestive tract. However, the disease can manifest, even if everything is fine with these systems.
Acne is a multifactorial inflammatory disease of the skin. It develops against the background of the introduction into the organism of viruses and the development of pathogenic flora. Pimples are small inflamed reddened bumps on the skin, they arise as a consequence of infection of clogged sebaceous glands.
How Do I Get Rid of Acne?
To select the optimal form and dose of the drug, you need to correctly assess the severity of acne. It degree is characterized by small comedonal rashes, II - the presence of papulo-pustular rash, III - nodular form, IV - large nodes with pus. Effective treatment of acne and acne necessarily includes the use of local remedies - ointments, creams, gels, lotions, tonics. Let us consider in more detail the features of each type of remedies.
• Ointments against acne are characterized by a dense and viscous consistency, a lot of oils and fats. The main difference between ointments and other external agents is the maximum depth of penetration of active components deep into the skin. However, it should be borne in mind that ointments have a fatty basis, so the unreasonable use of such drugs can lead to additional clogging of the follicles with fat. For this reason, the appointment of ointments to treat acne should only be handled by a specialist.
• Creams and gels for acne differ from ointments in that they are made on a water basis. Gels do not contain any oils, whereas in creams they still contain a certain amount of fatty components (although not in such quantities as in ointments). These agents are absorbed much faster than ointments, and do not leave a greasy or sticky film.
• Lotions and tonics against acne are liquid compounds, which include water, alcohol, plant extracts and other active ingredients. The main advantage of lotions and tonics is the drying of the rashes. Ointments, creams and gels based on zinc and zinc acetate produce a drying and anti-inflammatory effect, do not allow bacteria to adapt to the action of antibiotics.
• Sulfur. Remedies that are in the composition of sulfur, dried acne, exfoliate and anti-inflammatory effect. The only minus of funds based on sulfur is a characteristic smell.
• Salicylic acid. Preparations against acne, made on the basis of salicylic acid, is characterized by exfoliating and drying effect, softening of comedonic plugs. When using them, you must remember that salicylic acid dries heavily, so do not combine salicylic with lotions based on alcohol.
• Erythromycin and other antibiotics. The action of antibiotics is aimed at combating gram-negative and gram-positive microorganisms, provoking the inflammatory process and the formation of acne.
• Azelaic acid. This component is a part of many creams and gels, whereas in ointments it is practically not used. It is characterized by a pronounced antimicrobial effect.
• Accutane, Retinol. Vitamin A and its analogs (adapalenes, tazarotenes, isotretinoins, tretinoins) are considered to be one of the most effective agents for the treatment of acne and other skin diseases. Vitamin A deficiency leads to many dermatological disorders, so the use of retinol-based drugs is prescribed to treat acne very often. They reduce inflammation and improve the conditions for free fat loss from the glands.
• Plant extracts. Extracts of plants that favorably affect the condition of the skin and cleanse it of acne include extracts of arnica, chamomile, green tea, string, calendula, licorice, violets, aloe, tea tree, etc. All of them can be part of the means against acne.
In addition to external remedies, a course of tablets may be prescribed. Usually it's antibiotics, retinoids, hormones, vitamins. Also, the doctor can advise you to take a course of enterosorbents (activated carbon, sorbex, enterosgel): these drugs help to remove toxins from the body and to cleanse the skin of acne as soon as possible.